Learn the Wonders of Manual Photo Restoration

Photo restoration is a creative process that is being used to repair old photos as well as to restore photographs that have been damaged. In older times, the restoration of old photos would need a lot of skills from professionals, but today, since computers and sophisticated software have been invented, restoring and retouching photos are now a little more easy to do. Practically, anybody with basic knowledge in using the computer can do blemish and scratch removal from old photos. You might even be able to restore vibrant colors of the original pictures.

Basically, people would want to retouch photos which have dim lighting or if someone in the picture has glowing bright red eyes. Most computers nowadays have digital photo restoration software installed which enables users to do these photo touch-ups. Even amateurs are capable of restoring digital photographs in just a matter of minutes just by choosing the “quick fix” option as well as tweaking the results, when necessary.

Yet, there are some photographs that require the help of a professional when restoring them, but when the need arises you need not panic; most graphic artists are very skilled in restoring photos. A good graphic artist is capable of retouching photographs, he or she can remove people from the shot that you would want to get erased. The graphic artist may also be able to add natural-looking colors to a black and white photo.

The technique that most professional graphic artists use in retouching photos is called airbrushing which can soften skin tones as well as remove wrinkles and blemishes in a photographic portrait. A professional photo restoration job would be able to make a model look tanner, thinner, bustier. The artist may also change the models eye color.

Photo_Restauration_Before_SC Photo_Restauration_After_SC

Example of Photo Restoration (before and after restoration by ScanCorner)

There are some graphic artists who specialize in working on difficult photo restoration projects, which include photos with large portions that are damaged or missing (see e.g. http://www.pinterest.com/pin/373376625326394068/). In such instance, the artist will first scan the damaged photo in order to create a digital copy in jpeg format. He or she will then use professional software, which include PhotoShop®, Adobe Illustrator® and Adobe®, to enhance the faded or damaged areas as well as remove blemishes. Once the restoration is completed, the photo will then be printed on a photography paper in an improved state. The damaged photo will be returned to the client.

There are old pictures that hold sentimental value to the owner that a digital picture cannot replace. In such cases, photo restoration experts use manual techniques in order to restore the old photo directly. Most fine art galleries hire these kinds of photo restoration experts in order to restore antique photographs and tintypes.

The manual process is very hard to do and it usually takes a lot of time. The first step involves the careful cleaning of the photo as well as patching of any torn area. Then the paper will be pressed for a period of time in order to reduce the appearance of creases and cracks. After which, the damaged portions will be retouched using a fine painter’s hand with special attention given to the original color and lighting to be matched.  Given this extensive process, a photo restorer may be able to create significant improvement on the old photo depending on the damage that it has incurred overtime.

If you some old photos which you want to get digitized or scanned or restored yet you do not have the time and the software to do it yourself, feel free to check out ScanCorners’ professional artists and the services that they offer.

Just send your request to info@scancorner.com.au.

PPI: Pixel Per Inch

What is PPI?

PPI or Pixels Per Inch is the number of the pixels located in every inch of an image.  In order to clearly understand PPI, let us discuss the term thoroughly.

Firstly, pixel stands for “picture element”. It is the smallest physical element that one can see in a digital printout that the eyes can see. Pixels are made up of “sub-pixels”, composed of red, blue and green light elements that the human eyes cannot see since additive colour processing will blend them together into a single hue that appears on the pixel level.

Always remember that pixels have a fixed size, thus the number of pixels per inch (PPI) on your computer screen is a fixed quantity. You cannot adjust the size of the PPI on your monitor. Most LCD monitors have PPI size between 67 and 130, which mean that an image with 70 PPI or 130 PPI will definitely look the same because your monitor has a fixed PPI.

If you want to determine the PPI of your monitor, you may set your browser’s zoom at 100% and then you may measure the squares displayed on the monitor – both the width and the height – in inches.

How does PPI affect your printout?

It is clear that PPI does not affect the display of the image, but it does affect the print size of the image.

During the printing process, all the physical pixels that compose the image will be translated into little square with different hues on paper. In this case pixels are projected in a more abstract sense of the word “square picture element”. This means that pixels on paper have no fixed size, unlike that of the monitor. So if you increase the size of your image by 300%, then the pixels on the printout will become three times larger, thus your printout will become bigger but it will look rougher.

There are two methods that you can use in order to change the print size of your image. You can either do re-sampling or not. Normally, not re-sampling will be done by most since this will only change the size of the printout. But, if you decide to do re-sampling, this will cause a change in the number of pixels, which eventually changes the size of the file, in order to match the print size of the image.

If you don’t do re-sampling, the change in the PPI setting will either increase or decrease the print size of the image. This means that if you decrease the PPI the print size will increase and if you increase the PPI the print size will decrease. This is the best method to use if you’re going to create digital printouts of your image.

On the other hand, during re-sampling, the change in the PPI may cause the loss or creation of pixels. This means that if you decrease the PPI you will be losing pixels and if you increase the PPI you will be creating pixels. Remember that it is not good if you create more pixels or if you increase the PPI, because they will be generated by the computer which will result to a poor printout. So if you decide to do re-sampling, better decrease the PPI. Most of the time, re-sampling is needed if you want to reduce the size of your image in order to fit your needs, like if you want to use a smaller size for online use.

Take note that re-sampling an image at a higher number of pixels is generally not a good idea because the computer will likely cram the image with lots of pixels that are out of place, meaning you will get a bad-looking printout.

If you have questions or doubts, don’t hesitate to contact us: info@scancorner.com.au.

DPI: Dots Per Inch

DPI or Dots Per Inch is one of the commonly used digital imaging terms that people are getting confused with. It is an old term that has been used in relation to digital image resolution and size. Since there are many different situations where resolution is being used, it is quite understandable that using a single term is making people confused.

To clear out the confusion, let us discuss what DPI is all about. DPI generally refers to the printer. When a printer creates an output, the output is made up of different coloured inks, most of the time there are four to six colours, but some printers use more colours. Since the number of colours available is limited, the printer has to mix the inks in order to come up with all the colours needed for an image. Thus each pixel of the image is created through a series of tiny dots.

In general, if the DPI is higher then the tonality of image gets better. The colours will look better and their blending will also be smoother. But, when you use a higher DPI, the printing process will be slower and you will be using more ink. If you need to save on your ink and time you will have to settle for a lower DPI.

One of the instances where your knowledge on DPI is important is when you are scanning old photos. When deciding what DPI to use you will have to consider the quality of the original photograph as well as the purpose as to which the scanned image will be used, either it will be printed or stored on a CD.

There are two basic types of photos, the sharp and blurred one.

Blurred photos are better scanned using 300 DPI, but if you are planning to print the scanned image using a larger size compared to its current size, then you will have to use 600 DPI to avoid seeing pixilation on the output.

Sharp photos, on the other hand, are better scanned and saved using 600 DPI. Once the scanned photo is printed, its quality will also be better no matter what size you prefer to have it printed.

If you have questions or doubts, don’t hesitate to contact us: info@scancorner.com.au.

Throwback Thursday!

If you’re new in the social media world, you might have encountered several posts that have the hash tag Throwback Thursday. Surely you are wondering what Throwback Thursday means. It is the name that is used to call the weekly post theme wherein social media users participate in a “throwback” activity of posting contents that came from the past.
During Thursdays, Twitter, Instagram, Tumblr and Facebook users post photos that were shot in the past. These photos may have been taken in the previous years and there are no specific limitations in terms of posting. Once users have posted their photos they make sure that they use tags in their photos that indicates that it is intended to be a part of the Throwback Thursday activity. The most common tags that are being used in these kinds of posts are #tbt and #throwbackthursday.

This trend basically started on Instagram in 2011, not too long after the network started to add hashtags into their feature. During that time, Instagram’s iPhone app enabled their users to search for their oldest tags on the file and it also allowed them to repost it.

In February 2012, users started to regularly look up or use the Throwback Thursday theme and since that time, the interest of social media users in using this hash tag method of posting has substantially increased.

Throwback Thursday has now quickly invaded the other social networks, including Facebook, Twitter and Thumblr. Some users have also extended their method of posting by adding videos as well as songs into their Throwback Thursday posts.

Interested in following the trend?

It is actually easy to follow and join millions of other social media users in this trending activity. You only have to post a picture of anything that you want to share and use the tag #throwbackthursday or #tbt.  But keep in mind that even through you have the freedom in choosing what picture to post, you have to remember that followers of this theme will not like it if you post photos taken just 12 hours or a week ago. What other users would want to see are photos of you that were taken way back during your middle school years or the prom season and other memorable events in your life which happened at least five years ago.
Now you’re ready! Enjoy your Throwback Thursday!

Hello there!

Welcome to the new ScanCorner Blog.

In here, you’ll find interesting articles about digitization and photography, new trends in scanning devices as well as the basics of photo scanning or transferring video to DVD.

We are a professional service provider for photo and video digitization. Our distinctive feature: we offer you a high quality scanning service at an affordable price.

At ScanCorner, we scan negatives, slides, APS films, photo printouts and we convert Super 8mm, miniDV, Hi8, VHS, VHS-C and many more analog formats. Currently we are present in Switzerland, Germany, Spain, Australia, the Netherlands and India.

Please visit www.scancorner.com for more information.